In 1898, Enzo Ferrari was born into a lower-middle-class family in Modena, Italy.
Soon after World War I, Enzo applied for a job with Fiat, which flatly rejected him.
Sitting on a bench in Valentino Park, Enzo became determined to break into the auto industry. He stayed in Turin and met as many people as possible.
At the 1947 Turin Grand Prix in Valentino Park, he won the first-ever Grand Prix for Enzo Ferrari as carmaker.
Sitting on the same bench at Valentino Park, Ferrari rejoiced at Raymond Sommer's win at Turin.
At the age of 10, Enzo saw his first race, in Bologna, and was hooked.
When he was young, Enzo Ferrari wanted to be an opera singer or a sports writer.
Giuseppe Campari was an Italian opera singer.
Scuderia Ferrari was founded by Enzo Ferrari in 1929 by sponsoring drivers and race cars; then the company went into independent car production in 1946.
Enzo's father, Alfredo, and brother, both drafted into World War I, died of influenza in 1916, forcing Enzo to quit school and go to work at the family's metal foundry.
The official Ferrari logo has changed little over the years. However, the Ferrari name has.
In 1923, while racing at the Circuit of Sivocci at Ravenna, Ferrari met Count Enrico and Countess Paolina Baracca, who asked him to use their son's airplane emblem.
Porsche also uses the Stuttgart logo.
Ducati used the Baracca logo as well.
Count Enrico and Countess Paolina Baracca were the parents of the Italian pilot Francesco Baracca. Baracca may have borrowed the design from the city of Stuttgart.
In the 1920 Targa Florio, Ferrari finished second behind Guido Meregalli, after Alfa Romeo's team leader, Campari, had retired.
In 1929, Scuderia Ferrari would not have been possible without the financial help of Alfredo Caniato and Mario Tadini. With their money, he was able to hire Giuseppe Campari.
Giuseppe Campari was an Italian opera singer.
When Alfa Romeo decided to lure Giuseppe Campari back, Enzo Ferrari hired a young Tazio Nuvolari to drive for his team.
Tazio Nuvolari raced bicycles before winning the Targa Florio in 1931 and 1932, in the Alfa Romeo 8C 2300. After which, he devoted himself solely to cars.
Most of Ferrari's early drivers drove Alfa Romeo's 8C 2300.
Alfa Romeo's first Grand Prix car, the P1, was a disaster. Ugo Sivocco crashed one at Monza and was killed.
In 1932, Alfa Romeo came under government control and Ugo Gobbato showed little interest in racing. It took several months before Ferrari was allowed to run the P3s.
Driving the P3 in 1935, Tazio Nuvolari beat the famous Silver Arrows at the Nrburgring in front of a shocked German crowd.
Alfa Romeo produced the P3 (designed by Jano), but didnt use them until the end of 1933.
On April 28, 1945, a few days after the liberation of Italy, Ugo Gobbato was killed in mysterious circumstances.
In 1923, Luigi Bazzi fell out with Fiat's racing boss, Guido Fornaca,, after the French GP. On Enzo Ferrari's suggestion, he joined the new Alfa Romeo racing organization.
Vittorio Jano began his career at Fiat in 1911, under Luigi Bazzi. He moved with Bazzi to Alfa Romeo in 1923 and designed the Alfa Romeo P2, which was driven by Antonio Ascari when he was killed.
After the sale of the Lancia D50s to Ferrari, Jano joined Ferrari as a consultant engineer. He developed the Ferrari Dino V6 engine but committed suicide in 1966 after the death of his son.
New to racing, Gianni Lancia hired designer Vittorio Jano to design a V8 engine for the Lancia D50 chassis to enter in the 1954 Grand Prix.
Colombo was an apprentice to Vittorio Jano at Alfa Romeo. In 1937, Colombo designed the 158 engine for the Alfetta.
Ferrari's first chief engine designer was Gioacchino Colombo, who produced the classic V12 engine-versions of which are the mainstay of most Ferrari road cars.
Alberto Ascari won Ferrari's first world title in 1952, the first of a trilogy of wins in the 50s with Juan Manuel Fangio winning in 1956 and Mike Hawthorn (left) in 1958.
Hawthorn, upset after the death of Ferrari teammate and friend Peter Collins, retired from racing in 1958, but was killed in a car accident a year later.
Alberto Ascari, Antonio's son, was killed after the 1955 Monaco Grand Prix, while driving a Ferrari of Castellotti at Monza.
Fangio narrowly escaped the 1955 disaster at Le Mans.
It is said that Stirling Moss was the greatest driver to never win a World Championship. Moss lost the 1958 title to Hawthorn, after defending him against a points penalty in Portugal. Moss lost by one point.
In 1952, Peter Collins was Moss's partner on the Hersham and Walters Motors (HWM) racing team. In '58, he lost control of his Dino 246 at the Nrburgring and was killed.
Giovanni Agnelli, born August 13, 1866, founded Fiat in 1899, which stands for: Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino.
Today, Fiat Auto owns Lancia, Alfa Romeo, Fiat, Maserati and Ferrari.
In 1900, Vincenzo Lancia, was the chief inspector at Fiat and was also a test driver.
Lancia was founded in 1906 by Vincenzo Lancia and was the first company to produce V6 and V4 engines. Lancia was taken over by his son, Gianni.
Dismayed, Gianni Lancia forced himself to sell his company to businessman Carlo Pesenti. New chief engineer, Antonio Fessia, canceled the F1 program three days after Ascari's funeral.
Lancia was sold to Fiat in 1969.
Antonio Fessia designed the Lancia Fulvia in 1963. At Fiat, he was in charge of the Fiat 500 project.
Antonio Fessia taught at Milan's Polytechnic University. His student was Leonardo Fioravanti, who, when at Pininfarina, designed the Ferrari Dino, Daytona, 512 Berlinetta Boxer, 365 GT4, 308 GTB (shown), and 288 GTO.
After 24 years at Pininfarina, Leonardo Fioravanti left to become design head of Ferrari and then Alfa Romeo. He now has his own studio.
Battista 'Pinin' Farina was born in Turin, November 2, 1893. He formed Carrozzeria Pininfarina in 1930 to focus on design and construction of new car bodies.
Battista's work for Ferrari, starting in 1952, would become his most famous, though much of it was managed by his son, Sergio, who currently runs the firm.
In 1919, Ferrari finished ninth at the Targa Florio, driving a Lancia, one of his first races.
Andr Boillot was the winner.
While at CMN, Enzo (right) piloted a 1913 8.0L Isota Franschini in the 1920 Parma-Poggio di Berceto race. Impressed by his driving and technical skills, Giorgio Rimini (left) hired him onto Alfa Romeo later that year.
At a bar in Turin, Enzo met Ugo Sivocci, a one-time bicycle racer and mechanic, who hired him to work at Costruzioni Meccaniche Nazionalia.
Being Ferrari's friend, Sivocci was also hired to drive on Alfa's three-man works team with Antonio Ascari and Enzo Ferrari.
The 36-year-old Antonio Ascari was killed while leading the 1925 French Grand Prix in an Alfa Romeo P2 at the Autodrome de Montlhry, south of Paris.
Alfa Romeo was founded as Societ Anonima Italiana Darracq (SAID) in 1906 by Cavaliere Ugo Stella, in partnership with the French automobile firm of Alexandre Darracq.
After the deal with Darracq fell through, the company was renamed ALFA, which means Anonima Lombarda Fabbrica Automobili.
The first non-Darracq car produced by ALFA was the 1910 24HP, designed by Giuseppe Merosi.
The Romeo name was added after Nicola Romeo bought ALFA in 1915. He converted the factory to produce war munitions in the First World War. He left in 1928.
At the 1933 Italian Grand Prix in Monza, while leading, Giuseppe Campari (middle) was killed in a crash. Immediately behind him in second place, team-mate Baconin Borzacchini (left) tried unsuccessfully to avoid Campari's wrecked vehicle and was killed when his car veered off the track.
Enzo Ferrari was instrumental in recruiting Jano away from Fiat to design for Alfa Romeo.
In 1924, Merosi left Alfa Romeo and was replaced with a new chief engineer, Vittorio Jano.
Seven-time F1 World Champion, Michael Schumacher joined Ferrari in 1996. He holds practically every driving record in F1.
The Ferrari team had last won the Drivers Championship with Jody Scheckter in 1979.
Jean Todt was responsible for hiring Schumacher. Todt is CEO of Scuderia Ferrari.
The Pixar Animation Studios' film, Cars, featured a Ferrari F430, for which Michael Schumacher provided the voice.
The F40 was the last car to be commissioned by Enzo before his death in 1988. The body was designed by Pininfarina.
One of the most popular movie Ferraris was the 1961 GT250 in Ferris Bueller's Day Off. It was actually a modified MGB.
Ferrari sued the company that built the GT250 for Ferris Bueller's Day Off, citing logo infringements. Because of this, the company went out of business.
Miami Vice used a Corvette (shown) dressed up to look like a Ferrari Daytona. Ferrari was not pleased.
The Daytona replica was destroyed on-screen and replaced with a Ferrari-supplied Testarossa.
Director Roberto Rossellini commissioned a 1954 Ferrari 375 MM for his wife, Ingrid Bergman (above: Rossellini, Farina, Bergman, Ferrari).
Sergio Scaglietti designed Rossellini's 375 MM with custom bodywork for his wife, actress Ingrid Bergman.
The 375 MM design later became the inspiration for the car which would be named after Sergio Scaglietti, the Ferrari 612.
Marking 50 years working with Ferrari, Giugiaro designed the Ferrari GG50 for the 2005 Tokyo Motor Show. The 540-hp V12 car takes some of its design cues from the Ferrari 612 Scaglietti.
Giorgetto Giugiaro is credited with designing more cars than anyone else, including the 250 GT Bertone.
Ferrari 612 Scaglietti is the flagship of Ferrari's 60th Anniversary celebrations..
Ferrari celebrates its 60th Anniversary with an around-the-world cruise.