Those of you who have traveled abroad, especially to Europe, will likely be familiar with the car you see before you. If not, you might be wondering what all the fuss is about. If you’re part of the latter group, prepare to meet the Lancia Delta Integrale.
If you’ve been to the Old Country anywhere between yesterday and 1979, you may have seen this five-door hot hatch careening through the roundabouts of Napoli, Nice or Notting Hill Gate. That’s when the car made its debut both in Europe as the Delta and in Sweden as the Saab 600.
The model you see here is an HF Integrale Evoluzione, a highly enhanced version of Giorgetto Giugiaro’s original design. Many of the changes came about as a result of Lancia entering the Delta into Groups A and B in the World Rally Championship. Once pretty much everyone died in Group A, Lancia rose to the top of Group B in the mid to late ’90s, seriously emasculating the Mazda 323 and Ford Sierra XR 4x4 as well as the rear-wheel-drive Ford Sierra Cosworths and Bimmers. Anyone who’s played SEGA Rally may have experienced the Lancia’s other main rival firsthand. In 1992 Toyota came along with an AWD Celica that gave the Lancia’s slightly dated design a run for its money until the next year when the Integrale finally quit the game—but not before Lancias won 46 WRC championship rounds and six manufacturer’s titles. Of which the latter record still stands today.
One reason the Integrale dropped out was because of the encroaching competition from the Subaru WRX and the Mitsubishi Lancer that brought more modern technology to the game, as well as slightly less nose-heavy configurations. The transversely mounted motor in the Integrale contributed to that nose-heaviness, and as you can see it’s pretty crowded in the engine bay with a Garrett turbo and a front transmission to accommodate.
Having a thick snout, however, was the only real mechanical defect. Other than that the Lancia was, is and will remain one of the most badass cars ever to roll rubber across the road. In many cases all four stripes’ worth.
Why’s it so badass? Besides the rally heritage there’s what lies in that crowded engine bay and the method in which it propels the Lancia’s utilitarian yet sinuous shape through narrow European streets. No matter how mechanically adept a car is, you have to admit the body is always important. I mean, I love driving a Caterham, but it’s a bug-eyed, redheaded stepchild compared to the Delta, isn’t it?
The EVO you see here utilizes a 16-valve turbocharged 2.0-liter engine putting out 207 hp. Zero-to-60 times were sub-6-seconds and the top speed was around 140 mph. You can always spot a 16V because of the accompanying hood bulge. Other bulges in the body include those fine-looking flares. The EVO employed a wider track than previous Deltas so wider wheel arches became necessary. Other functional body changes made to the EVO include the adjustable rear spoiler above the tailgate, lateral slats in the hood and new grilles in the front bumper to improve cooling. And compare the rims on this EVO to that of the racecars… notice any similarities? Yes, lots. The Lancia you’re looking at is the beefiest, studliest Delta there is. They stopped making them this year. Of course, there is a newer version but it looks—how can I put this delicately—like crap.
The AWD system is what makes this Delta really special, though. The torque-sensing differential system transfers power between the rear wheels—to paraphrase a catchphrase, from the one that slips to the one that grips. A Ferguson viscous coupling transfers power from front to rear. While many AWDs have a 50/50 torque split that induces understeer, the Delta EVO has a 47/53 split. This allows it to incorporate a mild oversteer characteristic while cornering, allowing it to be “pitched” into corners.
I would know, having been addicted to SEGA Rally for many, many years.
Alas, this reporter still hasn’t had a chance to drive a real live Integrale in anger. I can remember traveling through Europe when I was 19 and being interested in two things, girls and cars. The Ford Escorts in England seemed a hell of a lot sportier than the ones at home, and the girls had bad teeth. The femme fatales in the south of France were a lot more joli, as were their Peugeot 206 hatchbacks. But when I got to southern Italy, I became absolutely smitten with the Integrale. Then I got robbed, met an Italian and stayed there for two years—but that’s another story altogether. After returning to the States I had the privilege of riding along with Prince Jean-Pierre Richielmi in his Integrale during a practice session for the Pikes Peak Hill Climb.
When I met Nikolay Kamenov at European Concours in Denver it was immediately after seeing his bright red HF. The Martini Racing logo on the rear spoiler stuck out like a little Italian ragazza holding an umbrella at an F1 race. With a little persuasion I might be able to get a little wheel time on the legendary car or at least find out how the hell you get one in the country.
It turns out that Mr. Kamenov, a resident of Vail, Colorado, bought the car from its original owner in Japan in 2009 and had it shipped to Canada. The minimum age of a car to be considered collectible there is 15 as opposed to 25 in the U.S.
“Then I drove the car into the States and the fun began,” Kamenov says. “After months of unsuccessfully trying to register the car I finally found the right guy in Florida who somehow managed to title the car in exchange for a hefty amount of cash.”
Somehow the vision of an ex-mobster in witness protection with a serious inside connect at the Florida DMV springs to my mind. He continues: “After that I only had to try a couple of DMVs in Colorado to get the title in my name. The only thing is that the car has to be registered in a county that does not require an emissions test since it was made without a catalytic converter.”
Kamenov, who is Hungarian, lives in Vail where an emissions test is not required. But he is not necessarily a man of outlandish means. “I’ve been in love with the car ever since I was eight years old when I saw it at a rally race,” he says. “I wasn’t going to stop trying [to own one] even if it meant I’d be in debt for the next five years.”
Apparently there are seven Delta Integrales here in the U.S. The others aren’t near the same spec as Kamenov’s EVO. And chances are they’re here on tourist visas. And while the goal of owning and driving an Integrale on American soil is one that we should all strive for, one aspect that isn’t so appealing is walking into your local NAPA after a spirited driving session then and asking, “Excuse me, do you have a helical gear for a Lancia Delta HF Integrale Evoluzione?”
Parts and mechanics could definitely be a challenge. Your local Fiat guy may be able to help you out with the basics. Either way, it still may not be deterrent to ownership, especially when you see what these Italian phenoms can do.
1993 Lancia Delta HF Integrale Evoluzione
Transverse front engine, all-wheel drive
2.0-liter I4, dohc, 16-valve, turbocharged
Five-speed manual, center viscous couplers, Torsen rear differential
Independent MacPherson struts, coil springs and hydraulic dampers, antiroll bar (f), independent rear, double transverse arms, longitudinal arm coil springs and hydraulic dampers, antiroll bar (r)
Floating single-piston calipers, 284mm rotors (f), floating single-piston calipers, 227mm rotors (r)
Length/width/height (in.): 153.5/66.3/53.7
Wheelbase: 97.6 in.
Curb Weight: 2,778 lb
Peak Power: 200 hp @ 5750 rpm
Peak Torque: 224 lb-ft @ 3500 rpm
0-62 mph: 5.7 sec.
Top Speed: 137 mph